An Introduction to MacBook Pro

Today in this article, I will talk about different kinds of known issues with Apple MacBook Pro laptops. I will also throw light on their quality and reliability.

MacBook Pro is a super fast laptop introduced by Apple Company. This laptop is considered best for a few reasons. This machine is very power full and easy to use. The operating system is very secure and full of innovations. This machine has many unbeatable features. The battery life is long. The quality of hardware is so good that most of the time it can survive liquid spills. The logic board design is wonderful. We deal with this machine on a regular basis. The graphics processing is high class. The screen quality and resolution is at its best. Other features include airplay, time machine backup, iTunes backup and more. The machine is physically strong. The body casing is beautiful. We highly recommend Apple’s MacBook Pro for personal and commercial use.

We have been dealing with this machine since Apple changed their processor from IBM to Intel. Apple introduced several machines since 2006. Their pro family included 15 and 17 inch pre-unibody MacBook Pro machines that they introduced from 2006 to 2008. They introduced 15 and 17 inch unibody MacBook Pro laptops from 2009 to 2011. These machines worked great for years until they showed bad graphics symptoms. After many years of use, these machines’ graphics card failed due to a third party chip used in these machines. These symptoms would include, black screen, rebooting, colored screen, grey screen, panic screen, colored lines and freezing issues. Apple had two recalls for these machines, last one finished in December of 2016. After the recall time was over, everybody was disappointed until we came with a permanent solution. We can fix problems in all the above and below mentioned models.

The new family which they introduced in mid 2012 was named MacBook Pro retina. These MacBooks came in both 13 inch and 15 inch. The 15 inch from mid 2012 and early 2013 exhibited video problem due to a third party chip again. This is the most powerful machine. We came up with a fix for this model too. We can fix it and the problem will never come back. The next family that has some known issue is the mid 2012 13” MacBook Pro. The machine will show a folder sign with a question mark inside the folder. This can be fixed by our Apple certified technicians. Some MacBooks have another type of problem, where the machine starts with black screen. This is a random issue with 13 inch MacBook Ppro. There is this other known issue where a 13 inch MacBook Pro from 2015 would have problem with keyboard and trackpad. All these problems are fixable. Over all these issues are not found in every single machine but because Apple have sold many models to consumers, the high the number, the more we find problematic machines. Apple offers all kinds of repair options for their products. Their warranty service is excellent. We also fix all other Apple products.

Revolutionizing Connectivity: Digital Transformation in the Telecom Industry

The telecom industry, often hailed as the backbone of modern communication, is undergoing a profound revolution – a digital transformation that transcends mere connectivity to redefine the very fabric of how we interact, communicate, and conduct business.

Digital transformation in the telecom sector is a multifaceted evolution, integrating cutting-edge technologies to enhance services, optimize operations, and meet the dynamic needs of an increasingly interconnected world. It involves the convergence of telecommunication networks, cloud computing, big data analytics, artificial intelligence (AI), and the Internet of Things (IoT) to deliver innovative solutions and unparalleled user experiences.

One of the remarkable examples illustrating this transformation is the journey of AT&T. The company has embraced digitalization by leveraging software-defined networking (SDN) and network function virtualization (NFV) technologies. These advancements enabled AT&T to move away from traditional hardware-based infrastructure towards a more agile and flexible network. By doing so, they reduced costs, accelerated service deployment, and improved network performance. This transition allowed AT&T to meet the burgeoning demands for high-speed data and low-latency connections, especially with the exponential rise in data consumption driven by streaming services, IoT devices, and remote work.

Another noteworthy example is the digital transformation initiatives undertaken by Vodafone. Vodafone has been at the forefront of utilizing AI and data analytics to enhance customer experiences and optimize operations. Through AI-powered chatbots and virtual assistants, Vodafone provides personalized and efficient customer support, addressing queries and issues in real-time. Moreover, by analyzing vast amounts of data generated from network usage, Vodafone can predict and proactively prevent potential network failures, ensuring uninterrupted services for its users.

Furthermore, digital transformation has propelled telecom companies to explore new revenue streams beyond traditional services. For instance, Verizon has expanded into the realm of digital media and advertising. Acquiring AOL and Yahoo, Verizon created Oath (now known as Verizon Media), leveraging its vast user base to deliver targeted advertising and content. This diversification showcases how telecom companies are leveraging digital transformation to venture into adjacent industries and create new sources of revenue.

The advent of 5G technology stands as a catalyst for the telecom industry’s digital transformation. 5G’s ultra-fast speeds, low latency, and high capacity are revolutionizing connectivity, unlocking a plethora of possibilities. It’s not just about faster downloads; 5G is poised to empower transformative technologies like autonomous vehicles, smart cities, remote healthcare, and immersive augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) experiences.

Telecom giants like T-Mobile have been aggressively rolling out 5G networks across the globe. By investing in infrastructure and embracing innovative technologies, T-Mobile has positioned itself as a frontrunner in delivering 5G services. The implications are profound: industries can harness the speed and reliability of 5G to revolutionize operations, enhance efficiency, and create innovative products and services.

Moreover, digital transformation has reshaped the concept of connectivity itself. It’s not just about connecting people; it’s about connecting devices, machines, and systems in what is known as the IoT ecosystem. For instance, Ericsson has been pioneering IoT solutions for industries like manufacturing, agriculture, and healthcare. By embedding sensors and connectivity into machines and devices, Ericsson enables remote monitoring, predictive maintenance, and data-driven decision-making, revolutionizing how industries operate and deliver value.

However, amidst the remarkable progress, challenges persist. Cybersecurity remains a paramount concern as interconnected systems become more susceptible to cyber threats. Telecom companies are investing heavily in robust security measures, utilizing AI and machine learning algorithms to detect and mitigate potential threats in real-time.

In conclusion, the digital transformation sweeping through the telecom industry is reshaping the way we communicate, work, and live. Through technological innovations, companies are delivering faster, more reliable, and personalized services while exploring new revenue streams and business models. The evolution towards 5G, IoT integration, and AI-driven solutions heralds a future where connectivity transcends boundaries, fostering a truly interconnected world. As telecom companies continue to innovate and adapt, the trajectory of this transformation will redefine the landscape of communication and connectivity for generations to come.

Unveiling the Power of Digital Platforms

In today’s rapidly evolving business landscape, digital platforms have emerged as powerful catalysts for economic transformation, reshaping industries, and driving unparalleled growth for companies worldwide. These platforms, characterized by their ability to connect multiple parties, facilitate transactions, and create ecosystems, have revolutionized the way businesses operate, interact, and generate value.

Effects on the Economy and Company Growth:

Digital platforms have had a profound impact on the economy, fostering innovation, efficiency, and inclusivity. They create new marketplaces, streamline processes, and enable smaller businesses to access a global audience. The rise of companies like Amazon, Alibaba, and Airbnb exemplifies the transformative power of digital platforms.

These platforms facilitate a network effect, wherein the value of the platform increases as more users, sellers, or buyers join. This snowball effect leads to exponential growth, enhancing the platform’s attractiveness to participants. As a result, companies leveraging digital platforms often experience accelerated growth, increased market share, and enhanced profitability.

Data Recovery Complications

In this article, I will talk about several difficulties ranging from basic to complicated ones that might make the data recovery impossible. I will also talk about the reasons for these complications.

We store data on hard drives and computer systems and are always worried about our data security. For the protection of our data, we mostly use passwords. There are various levels of securities when it comes to passwords. There are professional systems that use complex programs encrypting information. This kind of security is considered the highest one. The way normal user passwords were being used with traditional operating systems has changed over time. In older operating systems whether it was Microsoft Windows PC computers or Mac computers, the contents could be read offline even if there was a password on a user account. Apple started high-end security allowing users to protect their information when it comes to accessing it off-line.

Talking of modern operating systems, I have to give credit to Apple who brought secure system known as File Vault. This is a built-in feature in their modern operating systems used in all MacBook Pro, iMac, MacBook Air and all other Apple computers. Under this system, if file vault is turned on, the computer uses the user’s login password and encrypts the data. This is very good feature available in all new operating systems in all Macintosh computers, ipads and iPhones. Windows systems come with their own BitLocker feature that encrypts the data if the feature is turned on. Encryption is very high level system which is not easy to work with without proper technology. Encrypted data or passwords are one level of difficulty in data retrieval. There is a second one which will be discussed in the following lines.

When a hard drive, USB, server drive or NAS fails, we have to deal with the first line of security which is the password but what if the hard drive fails physically? This is the hard one. When a drive i.e. a traditional storage or flash drive physically fails, this can be a big problem. Password information is stored randomly all over the available space. If an area where the password or key information is stored is not accessible, it will be impossible to recover data even if we have the right password or encryption key. This means, if someone has encrypted password on storage and they format the drive, this will make data recovery impossible. On the other hand data recovery using the right tools and technology may be quite possible if the physically broken drive is properly recovered and then password is applied. A lot of time users try different software and follow online instructions to attempt data recovery. This approach brings the same destruction as if someone deletes or formats a drive that has a secure or encrypted data combined with a password.

There are a lot of online services and companies that claim that their data recovery software can recover any kind of situation. This is mostly not true. Trying different software, copying more content on to the drive, running a physically damaged drive unnecessarily increases the risk of losing data permanently. It does not matter if the data is password protected or not, trying different ways and letting other inexperienced technicians playing with these situations is not recommended ways of recovering data. When it comes to crucial data recovery, it is highly recommended to do a little research about data recovery otherwise risk of losing data will always remain high.

Navigating the Path to Data Excellence: A Guide to Choosing the Right Power BI Consultant with GTH Cloud 365

In this fast-paced world of data analytics, choosing the right Power BI consultant is crucial in unleashing your organization’s data potential. Within the multitude of options, GTH Cloud 365 represents a trustworthy ally for companies looking to benefit from professional Power BI integration and enhancement. This article will take you through the key considerations to have in mind when choosing a Power BI consultant, highlighting specifically how GTH Cloud 365 uniquely adds value.

Expertise and Experience:

First and foremost, one should look for their experience and skills when assessing potential Power BI consultants. The team of experts from GTH Cloud 365 has a rich experience in implementing power BI solutions for various industries. Through selecting GTH Cloud 365, you connect to our world of wisdom that allows your organization’s particular data problems are resolved accurately and effectively.

Comprehensive Services:

This product stands out as it provides an entire suite of Power BI services. GTH Cloud 365 has the end-to-end solutions starting from consultation and design of systems to implementation, training, and maintenance that reflects your business goals. Their focus on a comprehensive approach guarantees smooth incorporation of Power BI into your current processes, making the most out of decisions based on data.

Customization Capabilities:

Organizational data needs vary from one to another, and a universal fix-all approach often does not work. GTH Cloud 365 knows this and is the best when it comes to finding Power BI solutions customized specifically for your business. In partnership with its clients, GTH Cloud 365 assures that the Power BI implementation is in line with your organization’s objectives and improves the ability to glean insights from data.

Training and Support:

Power BI deployment does not end with the installation. GTH Cloud 365 understands that support and training are crucial for empowering your team to fully utilize Power BI capabilities. Their training programs are an internal capability building initiative, allowing your employees to use Power BI tools with ease. Moreover, GTH Cloud 365 provides speedy support services; problems are quickly attended to keep your data analytics processes uninterrupted.

Reputation and Client Testimonials:

Reputation is key in evaluating the quality of services offered by a Power BI consultant. GTH Cloud 365 has gained reputation from clients in diverse industries due to their discipline, knowledge, skill and ability of delivering actual results. Investigating customer testimonials and case studies can help to understand how the GTH Cloud 365 company has managed to turn data challenges into opportunities for their clients.


Finding the right Power BI consultant is a major decision that should not be taken lightly as it affects the ability of your organization to use data for strategic decisions. GTH Cloud 365 emerges as a reliable partner who provides technical knowledge, complete services including customization features and continuous help. With GTH Cloud 365, you start your path to data superiority with full Power BI functionality in a box for your business.

How to Remove Spelling Errors From Your Document?

There is nothing worse than a document full of spelling errors. This reduces the credibility of your document. However, manually searching for spelling errors in a huge document is also a very overwhelming task. So do we have an option that can check our spelling errors fast and efficiently?

Yes. You can use online spell checkers.

Why use a Spell Checker?

The English language is very vast. It is not possible to remember all the words. It becomes even trickier with spellings. Even the most experienced writers make spelling mistakes.

Manually checking each word is not possible. It can be exhaustive. Suppose you wrote a 5000-word article. You cannot manually search for spelling errors in this article.

Moreover, humans are prone to errors. If you somehow manually checked an article there is no guarantee that your article is 100% correct.

This is where an online spell checker comes into the picture. They are fast, easy and effective in finding the errors in your article.

How does it Work?

There are three approaches that an online spell checker can use to check your document:

It can compare each word in your document with an online dictionary. This dictionary contains all the words in the English language. Any word in which the letters are misplaced will be edited as per the information in that huge online database.
Another way is to train your system to find the wrong word as per grammatical rules. It can mark “an” if you use “a” in words starting with a vowel sound. It can also use homophones to edit your article. Like wrong use of “write” in place of “right”.
The final way is to create rules for your own as per statistical data. This system employs a huge amount of data to frame its own rules to check spelling errors.
What Format can you use?
Most online checker can work with a variety of formats. Higher the number of formats it can handle, more popular and useful it will be.

The basic way is to copy your document and paste it into the online spell checker. This method is allowed by almost all the online spell checker.
Some platforms allow you to enter a URL that can be checked for all the spelling errors.
Many platforms will allow you to upload a.doc or.docx formats. It can be taken a bit further by allowing.pdf and.jpg formats as well.
Only a few online spell checker allows you to insert Google Docs and Dropbox URL.
What are the Benefits of a Spell Checker?
Using one spell checker has become necessary. It is used by school teachers to check the assignments submitted by their students. This helps them to grade the students quickly and saves a lot of time.

How to Recover Android Data After Factory Reset?

There are many times when people factory reset their android smartphone. Mostly they do it when their memory gets full, the performance of the device becomes slow due to a lot of applications, there is some malware related issue with the phone, or when people are selling it or giving it away to someone.

The process of factory reset is designed to be such that whenever user does a reset, every data and setting gets deleted from one’s phone, which takes the phone back to the same condition in which it was when it came out of the factory, thus giving existence to the term ‘factory’ reset.

How to Do a Factory Reset?

To do a reset, all one needs to do is go to their Android smartphone’s Settings section. From there, go to the System settings, where you will find the Advanced option. In the section, the is an option called reset, which you need to choose so as to do a factory reset. Remember, always back up your important data such as contacts, music and other things you find important before doing a factory reset.

Is Data Recoverable After a Factory Reset?

Yes, it must be known that Android data is recoverable even after one does a reset. This is a very important thing, because it might be of help to the people who lost something important, and it might be harmful for those who did a factory reset to protect their data.

There are various tools and softwares that are available with which you can extract your mobile phone’s deleted data. All one needs to do is look for them on the internet, download them and use them for extracting deleted data from a mobile phone. It is a very simple process indeed.

Now the question is, can we still protect our data? The answer to that is also yes. You can still protect your data.

Let us look as to how that can be done-

Built-in Encryption of Android Devices-

Before Android released their operating system Marshmallow 6.0, the Android phones did not come with default encryption. One needed to put it up before doing a factory reset so that their recovered data cannot be directly.

But since the Marshmallow 6.0 update, the phone comes with encryption that has been already enabled, meaning that even if you recover your phone’s data, you would not be able to access directly without going through the encryption.

Cloud Backup-

Cloud backup is another thing you need to look at. Most phones these days sync some important data on Google Drive from where you can recover it on a new device or even your older one even after a factory reset just by accessing your Google account.

However, there’s no guarantee that cloud backups such as Google Drive is completely safe. In fact, it’s the exact opposite of safe. There have been many cases of cloud storages of people being hacked and their data being stolen, so always remember to keep only unimportant data on your Google cloud storage.

IoT Device Management: Back to Basics

IoT device control is essential for a solid IoT solution. As a matter of fact, most cloud providers use this system for their platforms. In fact, many giant companies including Google, Microsoft and Amazon use them. In this article, we are going to talk about this system and why it’s so important.

1. Authentication and Provisioning

Before you install an IoT device, make sure it’s trusted and secure. In other words, the device should be genuine, and run trusted software. Basically, provisioning is the enrollment process of a device and authentication is the verification process.

2. Control and Configuration

All types of device need to be configured and controlled when they are installed for the first time. For instance, if you install a tracker on your vehicle, you will need to configure it first.

Therefore, the ability to control and configure a device after deployment is quite important to ensure proper performance, functionality and protection. Aside from this, you should be able to reset the devices to their default configuration.

3. Monitoring and Diagnostics

Apart from configuration, you should also be able to fix operational issues and other software bugs. However, you should be able to identify the bugs first. And for this purpose, it’s important that you monitor the system on a regular basis. This is a must for proper diagnosis. Almost all device management programs feature program logs for diagnosis.

4. Software Updates and Maintenance

If you can identify bugs or security flaws in a device, make sure you update the device software or firmware. Since there can be thousands of devices, making updates manually may not be feasible. Therefore, your device management software should be able to update automatically.

The Beginning of IoT Device Management

Many IoT solution providers didn’t prefer IoT device management first. However, as these functionalities became more important, almost all big cloud providers, such as Amazon, Microsoft and Google started using primary IoT Device management. However, it’s important to keep in mind that basic IoT device management can’t meet all business needs.

Why we need more than the Basics

In IT departments, device management started as the management of computing resources in the organizations. However, it progressed with the advent of smartphones that stressed the importance of mobile device management. Today, you can find tons of devices in just one IoT solution.

In the past, device management approaches revolved around the presumption that device connectivity must be stable and persistent. For instance, the diagnosis and monitoring section in a system may point to downloaded program logs and CPU usage. However, in case of IoT, these solutions involve a lot of devices for high bandwidth and persistent connectivity.

Based on the application, IoT solutions vary considerably. Some of the solutions require persistent connectivity and high bandwidth, while others don’t have this requirement. For instance, agricultural IoT applications use tons of sensors like equipment asset, sunlight, soil moisture, and temperature trackers. For these sensors, long battery life is of paramount importance.

I Sure Miss My Old Typewriter

I was going through my office the other day looking for something, and then I saw it for the first time in many years. It was my old typewriter.

Most people today have no idea what the typewriter is. I remember, however, my very first typewriter. I was so excited to get it and begin writing with it. I wrote a bunch of poems on that typewriter, and I sure wish I had copies of those poems.

Up until I got my typewriter, I was writing everything by hand, which can get very tiring after a while. There were typewriters in my school, and I went to a class to learn how to use a typewriter. However, I had no typewriter at home.

That Christmas, my parents surprised me with my very own typewriter. I was so excited about it, and I spent a lot of time typing nonsense. I used that typewriter for many years, and it was quite a companion with me.

Then I decided to upgrade to an electric typewriter. That was a significant upgrade for me. An afterthought: I wished I would’ve kept that first typewriter. When I got the electric typewriter, I could type faster than I was ever able to type before. I could not keep enough paper in the typewriter while typing.

Using those typewriters, you put in one sheet at a time, but since I knew nothing better, it was a wonderful thing. I went through a lot of paper.

In those old typewriters, what you typed was exactly what you got. If you mistyped a word, it was mistyped. I cannot remember how many times I yanked the paper out of the typewriter, put in a new piece and started typing all over again.

The thing so exciting was if I wanted several copies of what I was typing, I could use carbon paper between each page. What I typed on the first page was typed on the second and third pages. That sure was exciting because now I had copies of what I was typing.

The problem was, when I made a typo on the first page, it went all the way through to the last page. You could not fool those carbon copies. What was on one was precisely on the other.

I was thinking about that the other day and was wondering how I used up a forest of trees just learning to type.

That typewriter was a friend of mine, and we worked like a well-oiled machine. The thing about that typewriter, it never tried to correct me. It always went along with what I said and wrote – and never talked back to me. I was actually in charge.

I could always tell where my typewriter was because it was where I put it, and it never moved. To move that typewriter would have been a big job, and so it always remained on my desk in my room exactly where I put it. I could not take it traveling with me; I had to use it where it was.

At the time, I thought I had no better friend than that old typewriter of mine. To look at it now, I kinda smile as I remember how things have changed.

I was writing my first book, typing each page, when I learned about this new thingamajig called a computer. Well, I was not going to get anything modern. I was going to do things the old way. After all, Ernest Hemingway did all his typing on a typewriter.

The more I learned about these computers, the more interested I became. According to the people I was talking to, I could increase my output 100 times faster. I initially did not believe that.

Finally, halfway through that first book, I decided to switch over to a computer. Those first computers had no hard drive, so you had to put a floppy disk in to run any program that you might be using. You also had to save what you were writing to a floppy disk.

I set that new computer up in my office and started fiddling around with it to try to understand how it worked. Much to my surprise, the more I fiddled, the more I liked the music I was hearing.

I did not have to use paper until the manuscript was completed and I could print it out on a printer. If I made a typo, I could correct it right there on the screen, no problem.

Getting adjusted to it was difficult for me. I remember the first chapter I did and worked very hard to complete, but I forgot to save it on a disk and lost that whole chapter. I was a little provoked because my old typewriter would never have done that!

Through the years, I have regularly upgraded my computers to the point where I do not have to do much typing anymore. I can dictate into my computer and see words appear on the screen.

Looking at that old typewriter, I thought of what Solomon once said. “The thing that hath been, it is that which shall be; and that which is done is that which shall be done: and there is no new thing under the sun” (Ecclesiastes 1:9).

Maybe the way I do certain things today has changed, but the message is always the same. Techniques change, but words never will.

Since 1997, Rev. James L. Snyder has written a weekly religion/humor column, “Out To Pastor,” syndicated to over 300 newspapers and many websites. The Rev. Snyder is an award winning author whose writings have appeared in more than eighty periodicals including GUIDEPOSTS. In Pursuit of God: The Life of A. W. Tozer, Snyder’s first book, won the Reader’s Choice Award in 1992 by Christianity Today. Snyder has authored and edited 30 books altogether.

James L. Snyder was given an honorary doctorate degree (Doctor of Letters) by Trinity College in Florida. His weekly humor column, “Out To Pastor,” is syndicated to more than 325 weekly newspapers.

Philosophy, Machines, and AI

Is philosophy undergoing a radical transformation? In recent times, this question has been very popular especially after the radical development that has been taking place in machine learning and artificial intelligence. Whether this radical development and application of such knowledge in machine learning and artificial intelligence is setting off a radical transformation of traditional philosophy?

What is philosophy?

The discipline concerned with questions of how one should live (ethics); what sorts of things exist and what are their essential natures (metaphysics); what counts as genuine knowledge (epistemology); and what are correct principles of reasoning (logic)?Wikipedia

Some definitions:

Investigation of the nature, causes, or principles of reality, knowledge, or values, based on logical reasoning rather than empirical methods (American Heritage Dictionary).

The study of the ultimate nature of existence, reality, knowledge and goodness, as discoverable by human reasoning (Penguin English Dictionary).

The rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics (WordNet).

The search for knowledge and truth, especially about the nature of man and his behavior and beliefs (Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary).

The rational and critical inquiry into basic principles (Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia).

The study of the most general and abstract features of the world, the grounds for human knowledge, and the evaluation of human conduct (The Philosophy Pages).

If we look at the definitions we can find the most underlying principle of philosophy is questioning. The questioning of what is life? How one should live? What sort of things do exist and what are their natures? What are correct principles of reasoning? What are the principles of reality, knowledge, or values?

Finding the answers or solutions to questions or problems through the application of the principles of reasoning is the aim of philosophy. In short, search for knowledge and truth. The search does not necessarily result in finding the truth. However, the process employed in finding the truth is more important. History tells us that wisdom of humans (the body of knowledge and experience that develops within a specified society or period) changed and has been changing continuously. Humans are in pursuit of wisdom (the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and insight)

Blind beliefs are the biggest obstacles that arrest our thinking process. Philosophers question these blind beliefs or rather question every belief. They are skeptical on everything. In fact, it is one of the philosophical methods (Methodic doubt) they employ in order to find the truth. Philosophizing begins with some simple doubt about accepted beliefs. They apply methodic doubt and knowledge to test the functional, dysfunctional, or destructive nature of an accepted and prevailing belief in a society. Wait a moment! We have a problem that is to be addressed first. When we say ‘ knowledge’, it does not necessarily lead us to the truthfulness of the conclusion they arrive at. The existing knowledge is not complete. Therefore, there is a possibility of fallacy of conclusion. A conclusion may be valid but it need not be a truth. With the introduction of an additional premise or deletion of an existing premise, the nature of the conclusion will undergo a change.


The other common obstacles to logical and critical thinking are a) Confirmation bias, b) Framing effects, c) Heuristics, and d) Common fallacies such as fallacies of relevance, the Red Herring fallacy, the Strawman fallacy, the Ad Hominem fallacy, fallacious appeal (to authority), the fallacy of composition, the fallacy of division, equivocation, appeal to popularity, appeal to tradition, appeal to ignorance, appeal to emotion, begging the question, false dilemma, decision point fallacy, the slippery slope fallacy, hasty generalizations, faulty analogies, and the fallacy of fallacy. And we can add the two formal fallacies a) affirming the consequent, b) denying the antecedent.

We humans make mistakes. It’s often said that to err is human nature. Having known the myriad fallacies of logical arguments, we have been developing certain methods or models to avoid such errors. The philosophical methods are our tool kit that when employed reduces our mistakes.

Apart from these obstacles, we have certain other human limitations such as limitation of long-term & short-term memory capacity and limitation of our sensory capacity. All these limitations are obstacles to our philosophizing. Therefore, we make mistakes knowingly and unknowingly. However, we have never stopped our endeavor to become the finest species on earth.

On the other hand, machines though not the perfect species can avoid certain human limitations while performing the philosophizing. If they are given two logically supporting propositions they can deduce a perfect conclusion. However, if they are given randomly selected propositions will they be able to pick the right propositions that are logically supporting the conclusion? It depends upon the algorithm that we feed to the machine. But then, we are not perfect. We have not yet completely understood how the human brain functions. The main purpose of using a machine for philosophizing is to avoid errors. The machine might imitate the human errors, a humiliating human characteristic that we fervently wanted to avoid.

One approach is to allow the machine to learn thinking and take decisions on its own. In the process, the machine may be able to develop its own brain that can surpass the ability and capacity of human brain. That could be a possibility. This approach is already in trial.

Human wisdom is the ability to think and act using knowledge, collective experience, understanding, common sense, and insight. Will the machine be able to attain and surpass the human wisdom?

The machine can be fed the knowledge accumulated by humans. However, the challenge is how the machine will pick up the right knowledge for a right claim. The machine does not have experience of human life. That is actually a blessing in disguise. If we feed all our experiences to the machine it will be a mere cocktail of beliefs and ideas that are different and mostly diagonally opposite to one another. The best thing is to feed information as little as possible and leave the rest to the machine to have the first-hand experience with humans. That means the machine will live with human beings and interact with humans so that they develop knowledge of human behavior and hopefully the other human characteristics such as emotional understanding, common sense, etc.

Most probably, the philosophical methods which include the rules of reasoning to make right conclusions will be greatly useful to the machine. It can take decisions minus the logical fallacies that we commit knowingly and unknowingly. Such a machine could really immensely be helpful to humans especially as a guide or guard that can work without succumbing to emotions and biases.

Apart from philosophical methods, the machine can also be fed with super sensory powers without which human intelligence is limited. Humans might take a longer time to develop such built-in extra sensory powers. Such a machine would be a marvelous piece of art.

Therefore, the philosophical methods will transform the nature of machines rather than the machines setting off radical transformation of philosophizing. The machines would assist humans to take right conclusions. The machines would pick up the right propositions from the enormous data and provide us a valid conclusion which is a tiresome, time-consuming task of humans. The machines can work continuously without boredom unless they develop their own human-like emotions. Hope, the machines understand human emotions and at the same time do not have emotions.